The term perchlorate, refers to a group of atoms with negative charge made up of a chlorine atom in the centre joined to four oxygen atoms.
Perchlorates are odourless and colourless. There are five perchlorate classes that are manufactured in big quantities: magnesium perchlorate, potassium perchlorate, sodium perchlorate, ammonium perchlorate and lithium perchlorate.
At ambient temperature, perchlorates are stable, but when heated, they react producing big amounts of energy. That often results in a bigger quantity of reactive perchlorates, producing more heat until an explosion is originated.
Due to the perchlorates’ reaction, they are often used in firework propellers as well as in spacecrafts, gunpowder, explosives and light signals.
Ammonium perchlorate, a powerful oxidant, is a chemical compound whose formulation is NH4C1O4, that is salt of perchloric acid. It’s often used as an explosive due to its decomposition properties by heat energy without leaving any residue.
USES OF AMMONIUM PERCHLORATE
Ammonium perchlorate has mainly a military use, so that many countries think that the quantities they produce are confidential; that being the reason why they don’t want to give a lot of information about the factories nor the amount of perchlorates they manufacture or use, nor the amount of perchlorates from different countries that enter the country.
Ammonium perchlorate is obtained from the double decomposition between sodium perchlorate and ammonium perchlorate.
It is produced in big quantities, so when it is mixed with binding agents is often used as a fuel propeller in solid fuel rockets due to its simple and low-cost construction.
Around 70% of the fuel from spacecrafts in space shuttles is ammonium perchlorate.
Uncontrolled burning of ammonium perchlorate can have a dangerous outcome resulting in fires and violent explosions very difficult to control.
Perchlorates at normal temperature, react in a slower manner, staying in the same environment without reacting for years. In situations of a longer contact with the product can cause certain irritation in the mucous membranes.
Perchlorates can also be found in glues, batteries, airbags, electrolytic baths, whitening products, techniques to produce oxygen and manufacture other chemical substances.
A prolonged or repeated exposure can affect thyroids provoking reduced levels of thyroid hormones.
Health effects can depend on the type of exposure, its duration and the presence of other substances, as well as the individual’s habits.
It’s very important to keep this type of product away from kids, in order to avoid more serious health problems. If someone works with this type of perchlorate, the amount of perchlorate inside the individual can be calculated through a urine test and put an immediate solution to it.
To buy ammonium perchlorate you can visit the web: www.ammoniumperchlorate.org